Bank of Ghana




In 1951 the government appointed Sir Cecil Trevor to examine the question of setting up a national bank on commercial lines to finance development projects and to act as a reserve bank. On the basis of his recommendation, a state owned commercial bank was established in 1952 by the Bank of the Gold Coast Ordinance.

The new Bank started Operations in 1953. In subsequent years as the country approached independence, it became evident that a new institution responsible for the issue of currency in the Gold Coast was more suitable for an independent country than the West African Currency Board which was responsible for the issue of currency in the Gold Coast, the Gambia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria.

The Bank of Ghana was therefore established as a central bank on 4th March 1957 by the Bank of Ghana Ordinance (No. 34) of 1957. It started operations on 1st August 1957. Its’ mission is to pursue sound monetary and financial policies aimed at price stability and create an enabling environment for sustainable economic growth.